Akash去中心化云重新定义云服务——499DeFi Rocket

2020年12月13日 12:33

引言

任何人都可以成为Akash上的验证者,或将其拥有的AKT委托给一个活跃的验证者,以参与治理并获得奖励。任何人都可以在市场上提供计算服务。Akash的云服务能够托管DeFi前端、区块链节点等等。Akash使DeFi应用程序具有抗审查性、非托管性和不可阻挡性。还将为希望在其上部署应用程序的开发人员节省大量成本。

以下为AMA全文

李宝宝:Akash的云服务可以在区块链的哪些领域里发挥作用,改善哪些问题?

In which areas of the blockchain can Akash's cloud services play a role, and what problems can it improve?

Greg Osuri:Akash的云服务能够托管DeFi前端、区块链节点等等。

Akash使DeFi应用程序具有抗审查性、非托管性和不可阻挡性。还将为希望在其上部署应用程序的开发人员节省大量成本。

Akash's cloud services will be able to host DeFi front ends, blockchain nodes, and much more.

Akash makes DeFi applications censorship-resistant, non-custodial and unstoppable, and will also introduce large cost savings for developers wishing to deploy their apps on it.

李宝宝:Akash的云服务包含存储吗,与IPFS有什么区别和联系?与Dfinity、Crust、Ankr等提供云服务的项目不同之处、优势在哪里?

Does Akash's cloud service include storage, and what is the difference and connection with IPFS? What are the differences and advantages from projects that provide cloud services such as Dfinity, Crust, and Ankr?

Greg Osuri:我们是一个计算平台,而不是存储平台。Akash上的分布式计算具有临时存储,因此像IPFS、Storj和Filecoin这样的长期大容量存储解决方案将成为我们的关键组成部分。我们已经在与Storj和Filecoin一起研究解决方案。

云基础设施领域的其他项目,如Dfinity、Crust和Ankr,都与Akash,基础架构即服务(IaaS) 的类别属于同一行业,但我们进入市场的方式对于这个价值2020亿美元的行业来说是完全不同于以往的。

Dfinity更关注智能合约。他们的PoS提高了执行的吞吐量,但智能合约本身仍存在局限性。我们已经看到Dfinity越来越接近Akash的模型,但还没有深入到研究它们的源代码。

Ankr目前的情况不像Akash那样是属于无许可或无监管的。

We are a compute platform, not a storage platform. Distributed compute on Akash has ephemeral storage, so long term bulk storage solutions like IPFS, Storj, and Filecoin are going to be critical integrations for us. We are already working with Storj and Filecoin on a solution here.

Other projects in the cloud infrastructure space, like Dfinity, Crust, and Ankr, are in the same industry as Akash, Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), but our go-to-market is fundamentally different for the $202B industry.

Dfinity focuses more on smart contracts. Their PoS improves the throughput of executions but there are limitations to smart contracts. We’ve been seeing Dfinity move closer towards Akash’s model, but haven’t looked too deeply at their source code.

Ankr as it currently stands is not permission-less or non-custodial like Akash.

李宝宝:近期有ETH2.0的质押者因为服务器不稳定的原因,被罚了一些ETH,Akash能否带来更好的服务?

Recently, ETH2.0 pledgers have been fined some ETH due to server instability. Can Akash bring better services?

Greg Osuri:我们的激励性测试网Akashian Challenge第三阶段已经看到用户在Akash DeCloud上启动了150多个区块链节点。Akash使应用程序抗审查,保证隐私和无需许可的状态;但是仍然需要对其进行适当配置以使其稳定运行。

The Akashian Challenge Phase 3, our incentivized testnet, has already seen users launch over 150 blockchain nodes on Akash DeCloud. Akash makes applications unstoppable, private, and permissionless; however, they still need to be configured properly to run in a stable manner.

李宝宝:个人可以怎么样参与到Akash当中?普通家用电脑的配置是否可以加入到Akash?

How can individuals participate in Akash? Can the configuration of an ordinary home computer be added to Akash?

Greg Osuri:任何人都可以成为Akash上的验证者,或将其拥有的AKT委托给一个活跃的验证者,以参与治理并获得奖励。任何人都可以在市场上提供计算服务。没有其他的任何要求,但是用户需要对Kubernetes有一定的了解, 这是唯一的强制性要求。只要供应商以他们的能力,仅从区域性的完善并提升Kubernetes的质量,整体的效果就应该不错。 https://docs.akash.network/provider-guides/kube

为了服务爱好者市场,我们正在开发Supermini(带有NVIDIA GPU的ARM板)http://akash.network/supermini。使用普通家用计算机的用户也许也可以提供计算,尽管这需要团队的下一步开发才能实现。

Anyone can become a validator on Akash, or delegate their AKT to an active validator to participate in governance and earn staking rewards. Anyone can also offer compute on the marketplace. There are no requirements, but the user is expected to have a working knowledge/firm understanding of Kubernetes. It's a mandatory requirement. As long as the provider specifies their capacity, region, and spins up Kubernetes they should be good. https://docs.akash.network/provider-guides/kube

To serve the hobbyist market, we are developing the Supermini (an ARM board with NVIDIA GPUs) http://akash.network/supermini. Users with ordinary home computers may also be able to provide compute, though this will require further development from the team to implement.

李宝宝:与波卡网络的声势浩大相比,Cosmos开发、生态建设给人的感觉似乎落后一些,应该如何看待?Akash会在整个Cosmos生态中发挥什么样的作用?

Compared with the popularity of Polkadot, the development and ecological construction of Cosmos seems to be a bit behind. How should we look at it? What role will Akash play in the entire Cosmos ecosystem?

Greg Osuri:Cosmos和Polkadot是使用不同技术的不同项目,用不同方式解决问题。两者都经过多年发展,而且Cosmos的主网实际上早于Polkadot上线了,所以说Cosmos开发落后是有点用词不当。

Cosmos和底层的共识算法Tendermint自2017年以来一直支持具有真实价值的公链交易。随着Hub 和币安链于2019年初推出,它多年来一直保持数十亿美元的价值。

我们已经开发了迄今为止相互性最强的无服务器云。Akash可作为开发人员利用网关,和分散式服务(例如用于密钥管理的NuCypher,用于云存储的Storj和用于域名服务的Handshake)连接的网关,尽可能减少摩擦。

对于Cosmos社区,我们提供了可用于生产,开源的软件站,用于开发,交付和调试分散式网络。

Cosmos and Polkadot are different projects using different technologies, solving problems in different ways. Both have been in development for years, and Cosmos's mainnet actually went live before Polkadot's, so to say Cosmos development is behind is somewhat of a misnomer.

Cosmos, and the underlying consensus algorithm Tendermint has been supporting public chains that transact with real value since 2017. With the launch of the hub and Binance chain in early 2019, it has now been securing billions of dollars of value for years.

We’ve developed a serverless cloud that is the most interoperable to date. Akash serves as a gateway for developers to leverage and connect with other decentralized services, such as NuCypher for key management, Storj for cloud storage, and Handshake for domain name services, with the least amount of friction possible.

For the Cosmos community, we provide a production-ready, open-source software stack for developing, delivering, and debugging decentralized networks.

李宝宝:Akash集成了KAVA的稳定币USDX,并支持用USDX支付,会不会影响AKT的使用前景?

Akash integrates KAVA's stable currency USDX and supports USDX payment. Will it affect the prospects of AKT?

Greg Osuri:通过整合Kava的USDX,Akash成为第一个拥有稳定币的去中心化云平台,从而使云提供商可以避免加密货币的市场波动,开发人员可以使用USDX支付云计算费用。这种整合增强了AKT的流动性,并为Akash用户提供了稳定的交换媒介,同时使Kava的稳定币获得了更大的采用率,并且AKT抵押品提高了债务上限。

Through the integration of Kava’s USDX, Akash becomes the first decentralized cloud platform to have a stablecoin, allowing cloud providers to avoid the market volatility of cryptocurrency, and developers to pay for cloud computing using USDX. This integration strengthens AKT’s liquidity and provides Akash users with a stable medium of exchange, while achieving greater adoption for Kava’s stablecoin and an increased debt ceiling from AKT collateral.

李宝宝:Akash代币AKT的一个显著特点是很高的通胀率,会持续下去吗?Cosmos生态的壮大能否给AKT更多的使用场景?

A notable feature of Akash token AKT is the high inflation rate. Will it continue? Can the growth of the Cosmos ecosystem give AKT more usage scenarios?

Greg Osuri:在创世纪(Genesis),通货膨胀率开始是年化利率54%,现在正在逐渐降低,每3.75年减半;目前的通货膨胀率为51%以上。Cosmos生态系统的发展,特别是区块链间通信(IBC)协议的实施和采用,将使更多项目直接与Akash Network交互并在Akash DeCloud上托管其节点和其他应用程序!

At Genesis, inflation started at 54% Annualized APR and is now gradually decreasing, halving every 3.75 years; the current inflation is just above 51%. The growth of the Cosmos ecosystem, and specifically the implementation and adoption of the Inter-Blockchain Communication (IBC) Protocol, will allow more projects to directly interact with Akash Network and host their nodes and other applications on Akash DeCloud!



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